ProceduresGovernment

Yucatán

state

2020: 2,320,898, Population

 2020: US$1.73B, International sales

  2020: US$2.35B, International purchases

2021: US$1.16B, Exports

 2022-Q2: 1,121,245, Economically Active Population

  2022-Q2: 1.7 %, Unemployment rate

2022-Q2: 60 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Jun 2022: US$415M, Foreign direct investment

About Yucatán

#permalink to section

In 2020, the population in Yucatán was 2,320,898 inhabitants (49.1% men and 50.9% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Yucatán increased by 18.7%.

International sales of Yucatán in 2020 were US$1.73B, 62.2% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$255M), Mens or Boys Suits, Ensembles, Jackets, Blazers and Trousers (US$140M), and T-Shirts, Knitted or Crocheted (US$74.3M).

International purchases of Yucatán in 2020 were US$2.35B, 42.5% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$511M), Corn (US$288M), and Turbojets, Turbopropellers and other Gas Turbines (US$201M).

In the second quarter of 2022, the economically active population of Yucatán was 1.12M people. The workforce reached 1.1M people (41.5% women and 58.5% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.72k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (72.3k), Traders in Stores (43.1k), and Domestic Workers (39.7k). Yucatán registered 19k unemployed (unemployment rate of 1.7%).

Net International Trade

#permalink to section

August, 2022

  • US$231M, International purchases
  • US$132M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In august 2022, international sales of Yucatán were US$132M and a total of US$231M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Yucatán it was of -US$99.8M.

International Sales

#permalink to section

Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus: US$255M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$878M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$255M), Mens or Boys Suits, Ensembles, Jackets, Blazers and Trousers (US$140M), and T-Shirts, Knitted or Crocheted (US$74.3M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$878M), Canada (US$44.5M), and Italy (US$34.1M).

International Purchases

#permalink to section

Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken: US$511M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$1.29B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$511M), Corn (US$288M), and Turbojets, Turbopropellers and other Gas Turbines (US$201M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$1.29B), China (US$275M), and Brazil (US$151M).

Monthly International Trade

#permalink to section

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in august 2022 was Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$20.4M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$73.4M), Canada (US$4.12M), and Singapore (US$2.23M).

The main international purchase in august 2022 was Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$62.3M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$92.7M), China (US$21.3M), and India (US$13.2M).

Net Trade Balance

#permalink to section

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Yucatán, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2021 were Mérida (US$1.08B), Progreso (US$102M), Umán (US$79.2M), Kanasín (US$52.9M), and Celestún (US$19.8M).

In Yucatán, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2021 were Mérida (US$2.04B), Umán (US$129M), Progreso (US$11.3M), Kanasín (US$7.92M), and Hunucmá (US$815k).

Evolution of Exports

#permalink to section
Yucatán

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Yucatán's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the second quarter of 2022, Yucatán registered US$346M in exports, showing an increase de 18.9% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

#permalink to section

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section

  • US$415M, FDI Jan-Jun 2022
  • US$3.98B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2022

In the period January to June 2022, FDI in Yucatán reached the US$415M, distributed in inter-company debts (US$202M), equity capital (US$162M), and reinvestment of earnings (US$50.9M).

From January 1999 and June 2022, Yucatán accumulates a total of US$666B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$2.17B), reinvestment of earnings (US$1.26B), and inter-company debts (US$546M).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section

Main investor country Jan-Jun 2022: Hong Kong, Confidential

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2022: United States, US$1.95B

From January to June de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Yucatán were Hong Kong (Confidential), United States (US$108M), and Spain (US$19.3M).

Between January 1999 and June 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$1.95B), Spain (US$534M), and Belgium (US$498M).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

#permalink to section

The map shows the distribution of remittance income in the municipalities of Yucatán. The lineplot shows the quarterly evolution of remittance income.

In the second quarter of 2022, the municipalities of Yucatán with the highest income from remittances were list Mérida (US$33M), Oxkutzcab (US$19.1M), and Tekax (US$9.96M).

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

#permalink to section

The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2022, a total amount of remittances of US$182M is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$415M.

Product Prices

#permalink to section

Price Variations

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some some agricultural market products.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the wholesale price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.

Economic Indicators

#permalink to section

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Yucatán were Retail Trade (38,225 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (26,715 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (15,331 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

#permalink to section

The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($13.3B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($12.9B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($10.6B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($16.7B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($12.3B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($6.16B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

#permalink to section

Average percentage: 9.6%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 54.7%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services (37.2%), Manufacturing Industries (21%), and Transportation and Storage (19.2%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Exploitation, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (85%), Corporate (80%), and Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (77.6%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

#permalink to section

The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 59.3% of the large economic in Yucatán separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (89.1%), plastic (87.1%), and organic waste (35.2%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

#permalink to section

The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Yucatán are another problems (37.9%), high expenses in service payments (14.9%), unfair competition problems (10.6%), and high costs of raw materials (9.1%).

Industrial Parks

#permalink to section

In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

#permalink to section

In 2020, Yucatán registers 5 industrial parks, 0 micro parks and 0 industrial parks under construction.

Of the industrial parks of Yucatán it can be mentioned Yucatan Industrial Park (30 companies, located in the municipality of Mérida), Parque Industrial BODEYUC (number of companies not reported, located in the municipality of Umán), and Central Business Park Merida (number of companies not reported, located in the municipality of Ucú).

Population and Housing

#permalink to section

Yucatán 2020: 1,180,619, Female Population

 Yucatán 2020: 1,140,279, Male Population

The total population of Yucatán in 2020 was 2,320,898 inhabitants, with 50.9% woman, and 49.1% men.

The municipalities of Yucatán with the highest population were Mérida (995,129 inhabitants), Kanasín (141,939 inhabitants), and Valladolid (85,460 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (199,525 inhabitants), 15 to 19 years (196,363 inhabitants), and 25 to 29 years (190,975 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.3% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

#permalink to section

535k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Yucatán.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 535k inhabitants, which corresponds to 23.1% of the total population of Yucatán.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Maya (528,563 inhabitants), Ch'ol (2,162 inhabitants), and Tseltal (1,185 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

#permalink to section

The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Yucatán in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Yucatán in the last 5 years came from United States (3.95k people), Cuba (781 people), and Panama (722 people).

The main causes of migration to Yucatán in recent years were family (3.81k people), living place (1.67k people), and economical (946 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

#permalink to section

People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 120k, Migrants to Yucatán

Main state of origin of migrants: 24.4%, Quintana Roo

The charts shows the internal immigration to Yucatán in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Yucatán come from Quintana Roo (29.3k people, 24.4% of all migrants), Campeche (18.6k people, 15.5% of all migrants), and Tabasco (16.4k people, 13.6% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

#permalink to section

Economically Active Population: 65.5%, 2022-Q2

Unemployment Rate: 1.7%, 2022-Q2

In the second quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Yucatán was 65.5%, which implied an increase of 0.74 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (64.7%).

The unemployment rate was 1.7 % (19k people), which implied a decrease of 0.5 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.2%).

Salaries and Workforce

#permalink to section

40% Formal - 60% Informal: 1.1M, Workforce 2022-Q2

$7.72k MX Formal - $4.38k MX Informal: $5.72k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q2

The population employed in Yucatán in the second quarter of 2022 was 1.1M people, being  5.82% lower than the previous quarter (1.17M employed).

The average monthly salary in the second quarter of 2022 it was of $5.72k MX being $17.4 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.7k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

#permalink to section
Género

  • 41.5 %, Employed women 2022-Q2
  • 58.5 %, Employed men 2022-Q2

In second quarter of 2022, Yucatán had 1,102,197 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the second quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (72.3k), Traders in Stores (43.1k), and Domestic Workers (39.7k)

Quality of Life

#permalink to section

Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

#permalink to section

  • 26.4%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 44.9%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 26.4% and 20.5%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 44.9% and 38.8%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

#permalink to section

The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 32.6, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 17.4, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Yucatán, the average travel time from home to work was 32.6 minutes, 74.6% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 12.3% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 17.4 minutes, 95.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.66% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Yucatán according to travel times.

In 2020, 39.5% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 41.4% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

#permalink to section

The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Yucatán according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Yucatán were Middle School (468k people or 28.1% of the total), Primary School (399k people or 24% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (330k people or 19.8% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

#permalink to section

Yucatán 2020: 5.97%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Yucatán in 2020 was 5.97%. Of the total illiterate population, 41.6% corresponded to men and 58.4% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Yucatán. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

#permalink to section

Percentage of school attendance Yucatán: 95.2%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Yucatán: 72.1%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 72.1% of the population of Yucatán between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 95.2% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 46.8% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

#permalink to section

Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 11.3k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 10.1k, Administration and business

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (10,069), Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (9,398), and Social Sciences and Law (5,325). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (11,295), Social Sciences and Law (8,350), and Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (4,382).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

#permalink to section

In 2021, the most demanded training field in Yucatán were Laws (6.64k), Business Administration (4.72k), and Accounting and Supervision (4.65k).

Health Resources

#permalink to section

Distribution of Health Units

#permalink to section

The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Yucatán.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Health Institutions and Type

#permalink to section
Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

#permalink to section

The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

#permalink to section

The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Yucatán.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Health Resources by Subcategory

#permalink to section

The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Yucatán.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

#permalink to section

Health Options and Coverage

#permalink to section

  • 28.1 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 36.2 %, Population served by Social Security

In Yucatán, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (825k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (642k), and Pharmacy Office (372k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (979k) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (669k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

#permalink to section

In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Yucatán were physical disability (64.9k people), visual disability (54.3k people), and hearing disability (26.9k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

#permalink to section

The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Yucatán. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 54,253 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 54.2% women and 45.8% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.11% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 65 to 69 years concentrated the 4.18% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

#permalink to section

The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

#permalink to section

The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: medium ($800k MX).

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were enoxaparina ($696 MX), dropropizina ($540 MX), and paracetamol ($185 MX).

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

#permalink to section
DROPROPIZINA
CEFTRIAXONA
ENOXAPARINA

The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

#permalink to section
Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Yucatán.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Yucatán. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Yucatán.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Yucatán to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

#permalink to section

  • $46.8k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $156k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Yucatán comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Yucatán, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $8.66k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $165k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

#permalink to section

Total current quarterly household income: $31.4B MX, Yucatán 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $19.5B MX, Yucatán 2020

In Yucatán, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $31.4B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (61.4%) and transfers (21.7%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $19.5B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (41.9%), transport (17.7%), and cleaning (7.78%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

#permalink to section

Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 70.3%. The expense that decreased the most was clothing, in a -55.4%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was home rent estimate, in a 22.6%. The income that decreased the most was property rent, in a -55.2%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

#permalink to section

  • 31.9%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 68.1%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 658k dwellings were registered. Of these, 31.9% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 68.1% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.7% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 40 a 44 años.

Abalá: 0.280, Municipality with less inequality

Valladolid: 0.413, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Yucatán, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Abalá (0.280), Bokobá (0.280), Kopomá (0.281), Tetiz (0.283), and Cuzamá (0.284). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Valladolid (0.413), Chichimilá (0.407), Tizimín (0.404), Peto (0.387), and Tekax (0.387).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

#permalink to section

Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 11.4%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 36.4%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 36.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 11.4% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 25.9%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.74%.

The main social deficiencies of Yucatán in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation basic services housing and deprivation health services.

Public Spending

#permalink to section

Basic Concepts

#permalink to section

The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

#permalink to section

The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

Main Budget Approved 2021: $41.8B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $1.32B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2021, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $41.8B MX (corresponding to 50.7% of the total budget), economic development with $23.8B MX (corresponding to 28.8% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $15.6B MX (corresponding to 18.9% of the total budget), and government with $1.32B MX (corresponding to 1.59% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

Main Budget Approved 2021: $34.9B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $0 MX, Current expenditure (trusts)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2021 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $34.9B MX (corresponding to 42.3% of the total budget), physical investment with $16.3B MX (corresponding to 19.7% of the total budget), and pensions and retirements with $15.8B MX (corresponding to 19.2% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2021 according to the administrative classification were Mexican Social Security Institute with $16.8B MX (corresponding to 20.4% of the total budget), Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $15.6B MX (corresponding to 18.9% of the total budget), and Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $13.5B MX (corresponding to 16.3% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

#permalink to section

Infonavit Credits

#permalink to section

The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Yucatán, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In June 2022, 592 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $220M MX.

Public security

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

#permalink to section

Perception of Security in your State

  • 79.8 %, Men
  • 64.6 %, Women

In 2021, 79.8% of men over 18 years old in Yucatán perceived security in their state, while 64.6% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 89.2% in the case of men and 85.8% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

#permalink to section

In 2021, 20.8% of the population of Yucatán claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 6.68% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 18.7% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 17.2% in the Judges and a 18.8% in the Federal Police, while a 10.1%, a 12.1% and a 10.2% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

#permalink to section

July 2022: 386, Total complaints

 July 2022: Threats, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Threats (81), Damage to Property (52), and Other Crimes of the Common Law (49), which covered a 47.2% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Dispossession (500%), Failure to Comply with Obligations of Family Assistance (275%), and Simple Violation (250%).