ProceduresGovernment

Tuxtla Gutiérrez

Municipality of Chiapas

2020: 604,147, Population

 2020: US$5.48M, International sales

  2020: US$17.3M, International purchases

Jan-Sep 2022: US$235M, FDI in the State of Chiapas

About Tuxtla Gutiérrez

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In 2020, the population in Tuxtla Gutiérrez was 604,147 inhabitants (47.6% men and 52.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Tuxtla Gutiérrez increased by 9.18%.

International sales of Tuxtla Gutiérrez in 2020 were US$5.48M, 86.4% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion (US$4.77M).

International purchases of Tuxtla Gutiérrez in 2020 were US$17.3M, 130% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Mechanical Appliances for Projecting, Dispersing or Spraying Liquids or Powders; fire Extinguishers (US$1.49M), Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$296k), and Machinery for Sorting, Separating, Washing, Crushing, Crushing, Grinding, Mixing or Kneading Earth, Stone or other Mineral Solid (US$292k).

Net International Trade

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August, 2022

  • US$177k, International purchases
  • US$1.13M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In august 2022, international sales of Tuxtla Gutiérrez were US$1.13M and a total of US$177k in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Tuxtla Gutiérrez it was of US$952k.

International Sales

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Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion: US$4.77M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$3.24M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion (US$4.77M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$3.24M), Germany (US$662k), and China (US$282k).

International Purchases

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Mechanical Appliances for Projecting, Dispersing or Spraying Liquids or Powders; fire Extinguishers: US$1.49M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$2.13M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Mechanical Appliances for Projecting, Dispersing or Spraying Liquids or Powders; fire Extinguishers (US$1.49M), Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$296k), and Machinery for Sorting, Separating, Washing, Crushing, Crushing, Grinding, Mixing or Kneading Earth, Stone or other Mineral Solid (US$292k).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$2.13M), China (US$614k), and Italy (US$316k).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in august 2022 was Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion (US$891k). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$468k), Germany (US$129k), and Belgium (US$105k).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$235M, FDI Jan-Sep 2022
  • US$3.48B, FDI Jan-1999 to Sep-2022

In the period January to September 2022, FDI in Chiapas reached the US$235M, distributed in equity capital (US$93.6M), reinvestment of earnings (US$92M), and inter-company debts (US$54.1M).

From January 1999 and September 2022, Chiapas accumulates a total of US$671B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$1.56B), reinvestment of earnings (US$1.54B), and inter-company debts (US$385M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Chiapas's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Sep 2022: United States, US$154M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Sep-2022: United States, US$1.86B

From January to September de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Chiapas were United States (US$154M), Canada (US$24.7M), and Spain (US$10.6M).

Between January 1999 and September 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$1.86B), Spain (US$791M), and Switzerland (US$197M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Chiapas's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the third quarter of 2022, registered a remittance amount of US$39.5M.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Tuxtla Gutiérrez were Retail Trade (15,085 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (5,180 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (4,892 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Population and Housing

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Tuxtla Gutiérrez 2020: 316,623, Female Population

 Tuxtla Gutiérrez 2020: 287,524, Male Population

The total population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez in 2020 was 604,147 inhabitants, with 52.4% woman, and 47.6% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (53,679 inhabitants), 15 to 19 years (50,915 inhabitants), and 25 to 29 years (49,786 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.6% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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12.9k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 12.9k inhabitants, which corresponds to 2.14% of the total population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Tsotsil (4,364 inhabitants), Tseltal (4,304 inhabitants), and Ch'ol (1,256 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Tuxtla Gutiérrez in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Tuxtla Gutiérrez in the last 5 years came from United States (370 people), Cuba (220 people), and Colombia (178 people).

The main causes of migration to Tuxtla Gutiérrez in recent years were family (431 people), labor (366 people), and living place (106 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 56.9%, 2022-Q3

Unemployment Rate: 2.31%, 2022-Q3

* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the third quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Chiapas was 56.9%, which implied an increase of 1.8 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (55.1%).

The unemployment rate was 2.31 % (51k people), which implied a decrease of 0.28 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.59%).

Salaries and Workforce

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22.4% Formal - 77.6% Informal: 2.16M, Workforce 2022-Q3

$7.96k MX Formal - $2.84k MX Informal: $3.99k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q3

* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Chiapas in the third quarter of 2022 was 2.16M people, being  0.62% higher than the previous quarter (2.14M employed).

The average monthly salary in the third quarter of 2022 it was of $3.99k MX being $175 MX lower than the previous quarter ($4.17k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 32.1 %, Employed women 2022-Q3
  • 67.9 %, Employed men 2022-Q3

* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In third quarter of 2022, Chiapas had 2,155,871 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the third quarter of 2022 were Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (379k), Support Workers in Agriculture (287k), and Traders in Stores (129k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 24.2%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 38.9%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 24.2% and 22.4%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 38.9% and 31.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 31.1, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19.5, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Tuxtla Gutiérrez, the average travel time from home to work was 31.1 minutes, 79.8% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 6.17% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19.5 minutes, 97.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 1.67% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez according to travel times.

In 2020, 52.1% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 41.7% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Tuxtla Gutiérrez according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez were Bachelor's Degree (130k people or 29.9% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (99.1k people or 22.9% of the total), and Middle School (89.9k people or 20.7% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Tuxtla Gutiérrez 2020: 3.75%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Tuxtla Gutiérrez in 2020 was 3.75%. Of the total illiterate population, 32.5% corresponded to men and 67.5% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 5.96k, Health Sciences

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 8.35k, Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (8,351), Administration and business (4,641), and Social Sciences and Law (3,541). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Health Sciences (5,964), Social Sciences and Law (5,041), and Administration and business (4,896).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Tuxtla Gutiérrez were Laws (4.86k), General Nursing and Obstetrics (3.48k), and Accounting and Supervision (3.28k).

Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution. The data is updated as of March 2022.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment through March 2022.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 18.5 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 25.4 %, Population served by Social Security

In Tuxtla Gutiérrez, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (148k), Another place (146k), and SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (108k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Not Specified (227k) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (181k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Tuxtla Gutiérrez were physical disability (11.6k people), visual disability (10.3k people), and hearing disability (4.82k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Tuxtla Gutiérrez. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 10,296 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 56.1% women and 43.9% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.46% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.28% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Tuxtla Gutiérrez. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Tuxtla Gutiérrez to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $29.2k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $88.6k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Chiapas comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Chiapas, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $6.86k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $95.4k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 37%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 63%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 166k dwellings were registered. Of these, 37% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 63% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

2020: 0.37, GINI in Tuxtla Gutiérrez

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Chiapas, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Nicolás Ruíz (0.281), Ixtapangajoya (0.288), Chiapilla (0.289), Acapetahua (0.295), and Mazatán (0.295). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Yajalón (0.469), San Cristóbal de las Casas (0.453), Jitotol (0.445), Bochil (0.420), and Simojovel (0.414).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 9.77%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 36.4%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 36.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 9.77% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.4%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.16%.

The main social deficiencies of Tuxtla Gutiérrez in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 35.7 %, Men
  • 27.8 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 35.7% of men over 18 years old in Chiapas perceived security in their state, while 27.8% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 40% in the case of men and 33.5% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Chiapas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 8.43% of the population of Chiapas claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 7.45% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 10.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 13.9% in the Judges and a 9.58% in the Federal Police, while a 10.6%, a 12.9% and a 10% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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July 2022: 277, Total complaints

 July 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Stole (43), Threats (37), and Injury (33), which covered a 40.8% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Sexual Abuse (100%), Equated Violation (100%), and Threats (76.2%).