ProceduresGovernment

Tlaxcala

state

2020: 1,342,977, Population

 2020: US$1.4B, International sales

  2020: US$1.43B, International purchases

 2022-Q1 : US$505M, Exports

 2022-Q1: 620,531, Economically Active Population

  2022-Q1: 4.39 %, Unemployment rate

2022-Q1: 72.9 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Jun 2022: US$105M, Foreign direct investment

About Tlaxcala

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In 2020, the population in Tlaxcala was 1,342,977 inhabitants (48.4% men and 51.6% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Tlaxcala increased by 14.8%.

International sales of Tlaxcala in 2020 were US$1.4B, 37.8% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Fiberglass (Including Glass Wool) and Articles Thereof (For Example, Yarn, Fabrics) (US$185M), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$128M), and Styrene Polymers in Primary Forms (US$125M).

International purchases of Tlaxcala in 2020 were US$1.43B, 56.8% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Pumps for Liquids (US$83.5M), Parts of Apparatus for Protecting Electrical Circuits, with a Voltage Exceeding 1000 V and Boards, Panels, for Electricity Control and Distribution (US$61.7M), and Vinyl Acetate Polymers or other Vinyl Esters, in Primary Forms; others Vinyl Polymers in Primary Forms (US$53.3M).

In the first quarter of 2022, the economically active population of Tlaxcala was 621k people. The workforce reached 593k people (40.6% women and 59.4% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.35k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (37.4k), Support Workers in Agriculture (35.6k), and Support Workers in Construction (35.2k). Tlaxcala registered 27.2k unemployed (unemployment rate of 4.39%).

Net International Trade

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June, 2022

  • US$142M, International purchases
  • US$139M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In june 2022, international sales of Tlaxcala were US$139M and a total of US$142M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Tlaxcala it was of -US$3.1M.

International Sales

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Fiberglass (Including Glass Wool) and Articles Thereof (For Example, Yarn, Fabrics): US$185M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$848M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Fiberglass (Including Glass Wool) and Articles Thereof (For Example, Yarn, Fabrics) (US$185M), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$128M), and Styrene Polymers in Primary Forms (US$125M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$848M), Belgium (US$26.5M), and Brazil (US$26M).

International Purchases

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Pumps for Liquids: US$83.5M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$253M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Pumps for Liquids (US$83.5M), Parts of Apparatus for Protecting Electrical Circuits, with a Voltage Exceeding 1000 V and Boards, Panels, for Electricity Control and Distribution (US$61.7M), and Vinyl Acetate Polymers or other Vinyl Esters, in Primary Forms; others Vinyl Polymers in Primary Forms (US$53.3M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$253M), China (US$190M), and Germany (US$127M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in june 2022 was Fiberglass (Including Glass Wool) and Articles Thereof (For Example, Yarn, Fabrics) (US$28.8M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$71.3M), Belgium (US$3.79M), and Canada (US$2.54M).

The main international purchase in june 2022 was Pumps for Liquids (US$4.88M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$16.5M), China (US$15.2M), and Germany (US$9.5M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Tlaxcala, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2021 were Tetla de la Solidaridad (US$691M), Xicohtzinco (US$183M), Papalotla de Xicohténcatl (US$115M), Huamantla (US$14.1M), and Chiautempan (US$5.16M).

In Tlaxcala, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2021 were Tetla de la Solidaridad (US$431M), Papalotla de Xicohténcatl (US$133M), Huamantla (US$76M), Xicohtzinco (US$61.5M), and Chiautempan (US$19M).

Evolution of Exports

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Tlaxcala

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Tlaxcala's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the first quarter of 2022, Tlaxcala registered US$505M in exports, showing an increase de 0.93% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$105M, FDI Jan-Jun 2022
  • US$3.79B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2022

In the period January to June 2022, FDI in Tlaxcala reached the US$105M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$104M), equity capital (US$14.7M), and inter-company debts (US$1.86M).

From January 1999 and June 2022, Tlaxcala accumulates a total of US$666B in FDI, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.57B), equity capital (US$1.3B), and inter-company debts (US$925M).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Jun 2022: Canada, US$131M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2022: United States, US$1.92B

From January to June de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Tlaxcala were Canada (US$131M), Switzerland (Confidential), and Malaysia (Confidential).

Between January 1999 and June 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$1.92B), Canada (US$491M), and Spain (US$422M).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The map shows the distribution of remittance income in the municipalities of Tlaxcala. The lineplot shows the quarterly evolution of remittance income.

In the second quarter of 2022, the municipalities of Tlaxcala with the highest income from remittances were list Apizaco (US$23.1M), Tlaxcala (US$12.7M), and Chiautempan (US$10.5M).

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

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The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2022, a total amount of remittances of US$170M is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$105M.

Product Prices

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Price Variations

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The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some basic products such as milk and tortilla.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

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The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the retail price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Tlaxcala were Retail Trade (33,326 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (11,671 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (8,674 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($9.81B MX companies), Retail Trade ($2.89B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($2.2B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($13.5B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($1.53B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($1.45B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 20.6%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 54.3%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Transportation and Storage (53.1%), and Health and Social Assistance Services (42.9%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Leisure and Cultural Services, Sports, and other Recreational Services (100%), Services Professionals, Scientists and Technicals (100%), and Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (88.6%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 54.9% of the large economic in Tlaxcala separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (87.7%), plastic (78.3%), and metal (47.7%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Tlaxcala are another problems (18.5%), unfair competition problems (14.3%), public insecurity (14%), and low demand for goods or services (13.1%).

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, Tlaxcala registers 4 industrial parks, 0 micro parks and 0 industrial parks under construction.

Of the industrial parks of Tlaxcala it can be mentioned Industrial City Xicotencatl I (57 companies, located in the municipality of Tetla de la Solidaridad), Industrial City Xicotencatl II (22 companies, located in the municipality of Huamantla), and Industrial City Xicotencatl III (21 companies, located in the municipality of Tlaxco).

Population and Housing

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Tlaxcala 2020: 693,083, Female Population

 Tlaxcala 2020: 649,894, Male Population

The total population of Tlaxcala in 2020 was 1,342,977 inhabitants, with 51.6% woman, and 48.4% men.

The municipalities of Tlaxcala with the highest population were Tlaxcala (99,896 inhabitants), Huamantla (98,764 inhabitants), and San Pablo del Monte (82,688 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 15 to 19 years (121,207 inhabitants), 10 to 14 years (119,718 inhabitants), and 5 to 9 years (117,738 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 26.7% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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28.6k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Tlaxcala.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 28.6k inhabitants, which corresponds to 2.13% of the total population of Tlaxcala.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (24,012 inhabitants), Totonaco (2,120 inhabitants), and Otomí (607 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Tlaxcala in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Tlaxcala in the last 5 years came from United States (2.68k people), Honduras (109 people), and Venezuela (93 people).

The main causes of migration to Tlaxcala in recent years were family (1.67k people), labor (475 people), and living place (360 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 43.5k, Migrants to Tlaxcala

Main state of origin of migrants: 32.2%, Puebla

The charts shows the internal immigration to Tlaxcala in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Tlaxcala come from Puebla (14k people, 32.2% of all migrants), Estado de México (7.51k people, 17.3% of all migrants), and Ciudad de México (6.56k people, 15.1% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 60.4%, 2022-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 4.39%, 2022-Q1

In the first quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Tlaxcala was 60.4%, which implied a decrease of 0.82 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (61.3%).

The unemployment rate was 4.39 % (27.2k people), which implied a decrease of 0.037 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.42%).

Salaries and Workforce

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27.1% Formal - 72.9% Informal: 593k, Workforce 2022-Q1

$6.13k MX Formal - $3.69k MX Informal: $4.35k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q1

The population employed in Tlaxcala in the first quarter of 2022 was 593k people, being  0.27% lower than the previous quarter (595k employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2022 it was of $4.35k MX being $146 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.21k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 40.6 %, Employed women 2022-Q1
  • 59.4 %, Employed men 2022-Q1

In first quarter of 2022, Tlaxcala had 593,313 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (37.4k), Support Workers in Agriculture (35.6k), and Support Workers in Construction (35.2k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 24.8%, Housing with 4 rooms (2020)
  • 39.8%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 4 and 3 rooms, 24.8% and 24.2%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 39.8% and 27.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 30.3, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19.3, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Tlaxcala, the average travel time from home to work was 30.3 minutes, 76.6% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 9.57% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19.3 minutes, 94.7% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 4.26% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Tlaxcala according to travel times.

In 2020, 35.8% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 61.1% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Tlaxcala according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Tlaxcala were Middle School (302k people or 32.1% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (203k people or 21.6% of the total), and Primary School (202k people or 21.4% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Tlaxcala 2020: 3.28%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Tlaxcala in 2020 was 3.28%. Of the total illiterate population, 36.4% corresponded to men and 63.6% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Tlaxcala. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Tlaxcala: 92.4%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Tlaxcala: 59.6%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 59.6% of the population of Tlaxcala between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 92.4% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 44.6% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 6.61k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 7.66k, Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (7,662), Administration and business (3,383), and Social Sciences and Law (2,781). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (6,608), Social Sciences and Law (4,550), and Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (3,226).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Tlaxcala were Laws (3.78k), Electronics, automation and mechanics-electrical applications (3.27k), and Industrial engineering (2.95k).

Health Resources

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Distribution of Health Units

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The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Tlaxcala.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

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The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Tlaxcala.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Tlaxcala.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 46.4 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 20.4 %, Population served by Social Security

In Tlaxcala, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (612k), IMSS (Social Security) (269k), and Pharmacy Office (229k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Pemex, Defense or Marine (575k) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (323k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Tlaxcala were visual disability (24.9k people), physical disability (24k people), and hearing disability (12.8k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Tlaxcala. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 24,868 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.9% women and 44.1% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 6.43% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 85 or more years concentrated the 4.22% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

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The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: .

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were .

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Tlaxcala.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Tlaxcala. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Tlaxcala.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Tlaxcala to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $37.9k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $102k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Tlaxcala comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Tlaxcala, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $9.42k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $111k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $13B MX, Tlaxcala 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $8.24B MX, Tlaxcala 2020

In Tlaxcala, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $13B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (68.2%) and transfers (16.5%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $8.24B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (39.9%), transport (17%), and housing (8.94%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 60.5%. The expense that decreased the most was education, in a -54.1%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was others current income, in a 62.6%. The income that decreased the most was property rent, in a -27.9%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 30.1%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 69.9%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 342k dwellings were registered. Of these, 30.1% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 69.9% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 40 a 44 años.

Emiliano Zapata: 0.276, Municipality with less inequality

Huamantla: 0.378, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Tlaxcala, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Emiliano Zapata (0.276), Lázaro Cárdenas (0.283), Benito Juárez (0.293), Muñoz de Domingo Arenas (0.294), and Españita (0.304). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Huamantla (0.378), Panotla (0.372), San Francisco Tetlanohcan (0.369), Teolocholco (0.364), and Totolac (0.363).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 8.85%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 49.4%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 49.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 8.85% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 20.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 8.2%.

The main social deficiencies of Tlaxcala in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2021: $19.7B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $329M MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2021, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $19.7B MX (corresponding to 64.5% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $9.4B MX (corresponding to 30.8% of the total budget), economic development with $1.1B MX (corresponding to 3.6% of the total budget), and government with $329M MX (corresponding to 1.08% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2021: $12.8B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $196k MX, Current expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2021 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $12.8B MX (corresponding to 42.1% of the total budget), participations with $9.39B MX (corresponding to 30.7% of the total budget), and pensions and retirements with $5.52B MX (corresponding to 18.1% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2021 according to the administrative classification were Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $10.1B MX (corresponding to 33.1% of the total budget), Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $9.4B MX (corresponding to 30.8% of the total budget), and Mexican Social Security Institute with $5.2B MX (corresponding to 17% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

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Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Tlaxcala, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In March 2022, 152 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $41.8M MX.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 39.5 %, Men
  • 28.3 %, Women

In 2021, 39.5% of men over 18 years old in Tlaxcala perceived security in their state, while 28.3% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper middle sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 43.7% in the case of men and 38.4% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2021, 8.31% of the population of Tlaxcala claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 13.2% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 7.67% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 10% in the Judges and a 10.5% in the Federal Police, while a 12.2%, a 19.6% and a 15.2% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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July 2022: 328, Total complaints

 July 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Stole (225), Domestic Violence (28), and Injury (18), which covered a 82.6% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Domestic Violence (2.7k%), Trust Abuse (0%), and Extortion (0%).