ProceduresGovernment

El Carmen

Municipality of Nuevo León

2020: 104,478, Population

 2020: US$7.82M, International sales

  2020: US$73.7M, International purchases

Jan-Jun 2022: US$2.66B, FDI in the State of Nuevo León

About El Carmen

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In 2020, the population in El Carmen was 104,478 inhabitants (50.6% men and 49.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in El Carmen increased by 549%.

International purchases of El Carmen in 2020 were US$73.7M, 115% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Chemical Products and Binder Preparations (US$17.9M), Ferroalloys (US$11.2M), and Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions, other than Products of Heading 3801 (US$9.5M).

Net International Trade

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August, 2022: US$6.75M, International purchases

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In august 2022, international sales of El Carmen were US$0 and a total of US$6.75M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of El Carmen it was of -US$6.75M.

International Sales

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

International Purchases

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Chemical Products and Binder Preparations: US$17.9M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$47.7M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Chemical Products and Binder Preparations (US$17.9M), Ferroalloys (US$11.2M), and Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions, other than Products of Heading 3801 (US$9.5M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$47.7M), Germany (US$7.99M), and China (US$2.11M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchase in august 2022 was Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions, other than Products of Heading 3801 (US$1.09M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$2.26M), Italy (US$44.5k), and Germany (US$2.83k).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$2.66B, FDI Jan-Jun 2022
  • US$62.4B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2022

In the period January to June 2022, FDI in Nuevo León reached the US$2.66B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.91B), inter-company debts (US$423M), and equity capital (US$328M).

From January 1999 and June 2022, Nuevo León accumulates a total of US$666B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$27.3B), reinvestment of earnings (US$22.3B), and inter-company debts (US$12.8B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Nuevo León's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Jun 2022: Argentina, US$1.43B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2022: United States, US$30.5B

From January to June de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Nuevo León were Argentina (US$1.43B), United States (US$799M), and Spain (US$140M).

Between January 1999 and June 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$30.5B), Argentina (US$7.78B), and Netherlands (US$5.82B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Nuevo León's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the second quarter of 2022, registered a remittance amount of US$320k.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in El Carmen were Retail Trade (204 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (57 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (55 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, El Carmen registers 1 industrial park, 0 micro parks and 2 industrial parks under construction. It is possible to mention Centro Industrial y Desarrollo (CID) (number of companies not reported).

Population and Housing

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El Carmen 2020: 51,595, Female Population

 El Carmen 2020: 52,883, Male Population

The total population of El Carmen in 2020 was 104,478 inhabitants, with 49.4% woman, and 50.6% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 25 to 29 years (13,321 inhabitants), 0 to 4 years (12,757 inhabitants), and 5 to 9 years (11,902 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 36.4% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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3.73k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of El Carmen.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 3.73k inhabitants, which corresponds to 3.57% of the total population of El Carmen.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (2,203 inhabitants), Huasteco (1,061 inhabitants), and Zapoteco (85 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to El Carmen in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered El Carmen in the last 5 years came from United States (219 people), Honduras (97 people), and Colombia (16 people).

The main causes of migration to El Carmen in recent years were family (174 people), labor (73 people), and legal (28 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 60.8%, 2022-Q2

Unemployment Rate: 3.72%, 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the second quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Nuevo León was 60.8%, which implied an increase of 0.44 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.3%).

The unemployment rate was 3.72 % (106k people), which implied a decrease of 0.48 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.2%).

Salaries and Workforce

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62.5% Formal - 37.5% Informal: 2.75M, Workforce 2022-Q2

$9.18k MX Formal - $6.06k MX Informal: $8.01k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Nuevo León in the second quarter of 2022 was 2.75M people, being  0.38% higher than the previous quarter (2.74M employed).

The average monthly salary in the second quarter of 2022 it was of $8.01k MX being $358 MX lower than the previous quarter ($8.36k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.2 %, Employed women 2022-Q2
  • 61.8 %, Employed men 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In second quarter of 2022, Nuevo León had 2,747,249 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the second quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (134k), Traders in Stores (112k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (90.3k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 59.8%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 68.7%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 2 rooms, 59.8% and 15.5%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 68.7% and 23.4%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 45.5, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 18.4, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In El Carmen, the average travel time from home to work was 45.5 minutes, 70.6% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 23.5% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 18.4 minutes, 93.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.56% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of El Carmen according to travel times.

In 2020, 42.1% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 62.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in El Carmen according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of El Carmen were Middle School (34.8k people or 49.8% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (15.5k people or 22.1% of the total), and Primary School (10.9k people or 15.6% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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El Carmen 2020: 1.03%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for El Carmen in 2020 was 1.03%. Of the total illiterate population, 49.9% corresponded to men and 50.1% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 10.9 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 65.3 %, Population served by Social Security

In El Carmen, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (65.5k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (11k), and Another place (10.3k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (70.9k) and Not Specified (18k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of El Carmen were visual disability (1.63k people), physical disability (944 people), and disability to communicate (826 people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in El Carmen. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 1,631 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.3% women and 44.7% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 25 to 29 years concentrated the 5.4% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 50 to 54 years concentrated the 4.48% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in El Carmen.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in El Carmen. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in El Carmen.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in El Carmen to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $72.9k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $251k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Nuevo León comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Nuevo León, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $14.2k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $266k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 22.2%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 77.8%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 30k dwellings were registered. Of these, 22.2% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 77.8% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 19.6% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 25 a 29 años.

2020: 0.3, GINI in El Carmen

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Nuevo León, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Vallecillo (0.278), Pesquería (0.281), Abasolo (0.284), Lampazos de Naranjo (0.286), and General Zuazua (0.286). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: General Terán (0.417), General Zaragoza (0.412), Doctor Arroyo (0.386), Aramberri (0.383), and Mier y Noriega (0.378).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 1.79%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 26.7%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 26.7% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.79% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 27.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 11.9%.

The main social deficiencies of El Carmen in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 40.7 %, Men
  • 33.5 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 40.7% of men over 18 years old in Nuevo León perceived security in their state, while 33.5% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 52.5% in the case of men and 39.1% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Nuevo León's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 16.4% of the population of Nuevo León claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 7.96% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 20.3% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 23.5% in the Judges and a 21.2% in the Federal Police, while a 9.27%, a 11.3% and a 10.4% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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July 2022: 152, Total complaints

 July 2022: Domestic Violence, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Domestic Violence (63), Stole (25), and Other Offenses against the Family (14), which covered a 67.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes of the Common Law (250%), Fraud (200%), and Stole (92.3%).