Ciudad de México

state

2020: 9,209,944, Population

2021-S1: 1.02, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$94.1B, International sales

  2020: US$93.2B, International purchases

 2021-Q2: 4,439,594, Economically Active Population

  2021-Q2: 7.26 %, Unemployment rate

2021-Q2: 47.1 %, Labor informality rate

  2020  : $67.4k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Jun 2021: US$3.27B, Foreign direct investment

About Ciudad de México

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In 2015, the population in Ciudad de México was 9,209,944 inhabitants (47.8% men and 52.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Ciudad de México increased by 4.05%.

International sales of Ciudad de México in 2020 were US$94.1B, -18.8% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$19B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$17.3B), and Petroleum Oils and Oils Obtained from Bituminous Minerals Or (US$14.9B).

International purchases of Ciudad de México in 2020 were US$93.2B, -31.2% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$15.1B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$7.87B), and Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$6.18B).

In the second quarter of 2021, the economically active population of Ciudad de México was 4.44M people. The workforce reached 4.12M people (43.1% women and 56.9% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.38k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (242k), Support Workers in Various Administrative Activities (204k), and Traders in Stores (200k). Ciudad de México registered 322k unemployed (unemployment rate of 7.26%).

In 2015, 26.6% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.2% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 26.8%, while the vulnerable population by income was 8.59%.

In 2020, 0.15% of the population in Ciudad de México had no access to sewage systems, 1.05% did not have a water supply network, 0.3% did not have a bathroom and 0.07% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Ciudad de México.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Ciudad de México. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Ciudad de México.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Ciudad de México to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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237,140, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Ciudad de México, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Ciudad de México according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Ciudad de México, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Cuauhtémoc (3,485) and Benito Juárez (2,569). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Benito Juárez (228) and Álvaro Obregón (216). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Iztapalapa (56,437) and Gustavo A. Madero (21,064).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Iztapalapa (350) and Gustavo A. Madero (218) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Iztapalapa (189) and Gustavo A. Madero (111) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods: US$19B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$59.9B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$19B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$17.3B), and Petroleum Oils and Oils Obtained from Bituminous Minerals Or (US$14.9B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$59.9B), China (US$3.13B), and Canada (US$2.97B).

International Purchases

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Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals: US$15.1B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$46B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$15.1B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$7.87B), and Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$6.18B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$46B), China (US$16.3B), and Germany (US$3.06B).

Net International Trade

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June, 2021: US$11.3B, International purchases

 June, 2021: US$9.89B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In june 2021, international sales of Ciudad de México were US$9.89B and a total of US$11.3B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Ciudad de México it was of -US$1.46B.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in june 2021 was Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$2.18B). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$5.12B), China (US$374M), and Canada (US$198M).

The main international purchase in june 2021 was Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$2.25B). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$6.31B), China (US$1.56B), and Germany (US$281M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Ciudad de México, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Miguel Hidalgo (US$49.3B), Cuajimalpa de Morelos (US$22.1B), Álvaro Obregón (US$14.7B), Benito Juárez (US$4.33B), and Cuauhtémoc (US$2.17B).

In Ciudad de México, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Miguel Hidalgo (US$46.6B), Cuajimalpa de Morelos (US$17.9B), Álvaro Obregón (US$13.6B), Cuauhtémoc (US$8.98B), and Benito Juárez (US$7.41B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$3.27B, FDI Jan-Jun 2021
  • US$134B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2021

In the period January to June 2021, FDI in Ciudad de México reached the US$3.27B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.89B), equity capital (US$854M), and inter-company debts (US$530M).

From January 1999 and June 2021, Ciudad de México accumulates a total of US$625B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$66.1B), reinvestment of earnings (US$49.6B), and inter-company debts (US$17.9B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Jun 2021: United States, US$1.09B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2021: United States, US$64.6B

From January to June de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Ciudad de México were United States (US$1.09B), United Kingdom (US$691M), and Spain (US$371M).

Between January 1999 and June 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$64.6B), Spain (US$22.8B), and Canada (US$6B).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, Ciudad de México registers 3 industrial parks.

Of the industrial parks of Ciudad de México it can be mentioned Parque Industrial Finsa Iztapalapa (24 companies, located in the municipality of Iztapalapa), Azcapopark (number of companies not reported, located in the municipality of Azcapotzalco), and SSSYC (number of companies not reported, located in the municipality of Azcapotzalco).

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2020: $1.69T MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2020: $100B MX, Others not Classified in Previous Functions

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2020, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $1.69T MX (corresponding to 61.6% of the total budget), economic development with $644B MX (corresponding to 23.5% of the total budget), government with $307B MX (corresponding to 11.2% of the total budget), and others not classified in previous functions with $100B MX (corresponding to 3.66% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2020: $1.52T MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2020: $0 MX, Investment expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2020 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $1.52T MX (corresponding to 55.7% of the total budget), pensions and retirements with $916B MX (corresponding to 33.4% of the total budget), and capital expenditure (not public works) with $147B MX (corresponding to 5.37% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2020 according to the administrative classification were Social Security Contributions with $864B MX (corresponding to 31.5% of the total budget), Mexican Oil with $236B MX (corresponding to 8.6% of the total budget), and Public Education with $213B MX (corresponding to 7.77% of the total budget).

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 57.2%, 2021-Q2

Unemployment Rate: 7.26%, 2021-Q2

In the second quarter of 2021, the labor participation rate in Ciudad de México was 57.2%, which implied an increase of 3.29 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (53.9%).

The unemployment rate was 7.26 % (322k people), which implied a decrease of 0.052 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (7.31%).

Salaries and Workforce

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52.9% Formal - 47.1% Informal: 4.12M, Workforce 2021-Q2

$5.44k MX Formal - $3.2k MX Informal: $4.38k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q2

The population employed in Ciudad de México in the second quarter of 2021 was 4.12M people, being  6.38% higher than the previous quarter (3.87M employed).

The average monthly salary in the second quarter of 2021 it was of $4.38k MX being $28.4 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.35k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 43.1 %, Employed women 2021-Q2
  • 56.9 %, Employed men 2021-Q2

In second quarter of 2021, Ciudad de México had 4,117,427 employed, 2.14% less than the same period of the previous year (4,207,307).

The occupations with the most workers during the second quarter of 2021 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (242k), Support Workers in Various Administrative Activities (204k), and Traders in Stores (200k)

Participation Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Ciudad de México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 39.9%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Unemployment Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Ciudad de México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the unemployment rate was 6.15%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Labor Informality Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Ciudad de México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the rate of labor informality reached 42.8%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico as of May 2021. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

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Ciudad de México 2020: 4,805,017, Female Population

 Ciudad de México 2020: 4,404,927, Male Population

The total population of Ciudad de México in 2020 was 9,209,944 inhabitants, with 52.2% woman, and 47.8% men.

The municipalities of Ciudad de México with the highest population were Iztapalapa (1,835,486 inhabitants), Gustavo A. Madero (1,173,351 inhabitants), and Álvaro Obregón (759,137 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 25 to 29 years (752,289 inhabitants), 30 to 34 years (743,611 inhabitants), and 20 to 24 years (714,605 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 24% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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142k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Ciudad de México.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 142k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.54% of the total population of Ciudad de México.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (38,338 inhabitants), Otomí (17,377 inhabitants), and Mazateco (16,490 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Ciudad de México in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Ciudad de México in the last 5 years came from United States (11.2k people), Venezuela (7.95k people), and Colombia (4.75k people).

The main causes of migration to Ciudad de México in recent years were economical (12.5k people), family (11.1k people), and living place (6.94k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 338k, Migrants to Ciudad de México

Main state of origin of migrants: 47.5%, Estado de México

The charts shows the internal immigration to Ciudad de México in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Ciudad de México come from Estado de México (161k people, 47.5% of all migrants), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (22.9k people, 6.78% of all migrants), and Puebla (21.7k people, 6.41% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $67.4k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $186k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Ciudad de México comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Ciudad de México, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $15.1k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $202k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $184B MX, Ciudad de México 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $103B MX, Ciudad de México 2020

In Ciudad de México, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $184B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (58.5%) and home rent estimate (19.6%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $103B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (39.4%), housing (15.5%), and transport (15.2%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 60.9%. The expense that decreased the most was education, in a -57.9%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was others current income, in a 342%. The income that decreased the most was property rent, in a -41.6%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 39.8%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 60.2%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 2.76M dwellings were registered. Of these, 39.8% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 60.2% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.3% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 50 a 54 años.

Benito Juárez: 0.336, Municipality with less inequality

Tlalpan: 0.441, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2015, in Ciudad de México, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Benito Juárez (0.336), Miguel Hidalgo (0.361), Iztacalco (0.362), Azcapotzalco (0.365), and Venustiano Carranza (0.370). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Tlalpan (0.441), Cuajimalpa de Morelos (0.440), Xochimilco (0.421), Milpa Alta (0.404), and Tláhuac (0.399).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 1.2%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 26.6%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 26.6% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.2% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 8.59%.

The main social deficiencies of Ciudad de México in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 1.05%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.07%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.3%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 0.15%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 0.15% of the population in Ciudad de México did not have access to sewage systems (14.1k people), 1.05% did not have a water supply network (97.1k people) , 0.3% did not have a bathroom (28k people) and 0.07% did not have electricity (6.42k people).

Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Ciudad de México, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In July 2021, 3,248 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $676M MX.

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 26.5%, Housing with 4 rooms (2020)
  • 41.2%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 4 and 3 rooms, 26.5% and 21.1%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 41.2% and 28.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 44, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 27.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Ciudad de México, the average travel time from home to work was 44 minutes, 67.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 20.2% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 27.7 minutes, 88.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 9.6% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Ciudad de México according to travel times.

In 2020, 41.8% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 60.4% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Ciudad de México according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Ciudad de México were Bachelor's Degree (1.94M people or 26.5% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (1.74M people or 23.8% of the total), and Middle School (1.7M people or 23.2% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Ciudad de México 2020: 1.42%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Ciudad de México in 2020 was 1.42%. Of the total illiterate population, 31.3% corresponded to men and 68.7% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Ciudad de México. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Ciudad de México: 93.5%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Ciudad de México: 69.9%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 69.9% of the population of Ciudad de México between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 93.5% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 54.1% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 61.5k, social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 66.2k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (66,154), social sciences and law (46,792), and Business Administration (42,153). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were social sciences and law (61,527), Business Administration (45,364), and Health Sciences (41,568).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Ciudad de México, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México (171k), Instituto Politécnico Nacional (110k), and Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (55k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Ciudad de México were Law degree (32.3k), Degree in psychology (16.8k), and Degree in administration (16.2k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 298,962, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 5,413, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Ciudad de México had 38.6k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 52k students enrolled at intermediate level and 208k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Ciudad de México had 151 students who completed the initial literacy course, 947 intermediate literate students and 4.32k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Ciudad de México, the second quarter of 2021 INEA had 3.7k advisers and 462 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 69 zone coordination, 163 community squares, 6.88k study areas and 63 meeting areas.

Comparing the second quarter of 2020 and 2021, the number of advisers decreased -8.73% (4.05k in 2020) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 0.65% (459 in 2020). The area coordinates more than 4.55% (66 in 2020), community squares more than 0.62% (162 in 2020), the study areas less than -1.76% (7k in 2020) and meeting areas changed 0% (63 in 2020).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 18.1 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 34.7 %, Population served by Social Security

In Ciudad de México, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (3.12M), Pharmacy Office (1.69M), and SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (1.62M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (3.8M) and Not Specified (2.14M).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Ciudad de México were physical disability (244k people), visual disability (211k people), and hearing disability (114k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Ciudad de México. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 210,900 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 57.3% women and 42.7% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 6.53% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 3.95% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 15.9 %, Men
  • 12.8 %, Women

In 2020, 15.9% of men over 18 years old in Ciudad de México perceived security in their state, while 12.8% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the upper middle socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (16.4%), while women perceived greater security in the lower middle socioeconomic stratum (13.4%).

Trust in Authorities

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In 2020, 4.98% of the population of Ciudad de México claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 17.9% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 27.5% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 49.9% in the Judges and a 10.8% in the Federal Police, while a 6.13%, a 2.29% and a 11.8% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Ciudad de México claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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August 2021

  • 19,043, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during August 2021 were Stole (6.79k), Domestic Violence (2.89k), and Fraud (1.65k), which covered a 59.5% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in August 2020 and August 2021, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (571%), Extortion (460%), and Falsehood (159%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Ciudad de México were Retail Trade (196,185 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (61,853 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (56,050 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were To the Wholesale Trade ($97.7B MX companies), Retail Trade ($74.4B MX companies), and Manufacturing Industries ($50B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Mass Media Information ($117B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($93.2B MX companies), and Manufacturing Industries ($57.2B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 12.6%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 63.2%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer (63.3%), Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Exploitation, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (30.8%), and Health and Social Assistance Services (29.6%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Other Services except Government Activities (77.7%), Leisure and Cultural Services, Sports, and other Recreational Services (71.4%), and Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (69.7%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 58.9% of the large economic in Ciudad de México separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (93.7%), plastic (76.8%), and organic waste (54%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Ciudad de México are public insecurity (29.3%), another problems (16.4%), low demand for goods or services (11.6%), and unfair competition problems (11.3%).