Calera

Municipality of Zacatecas

2020: 45,759, Population

 2020: US$28.1M, International sales

  2020: US$58.1M, International purchases

  2020  : $44.4k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Jun 2021: US$563M, FDI in the State of Zacatecas

In 2015, the population in Calera was 45,759 inhabitants (49.3% men and 50.7% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Calera increased by 14.6%.

International sales of Calera in 2020 were US$28.1M, -53.5% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.6M), Plastics Articles for the Conveyance or Packing of Goods (US$1.12M), and Tools, Interchangeable; for Hand Tools, whether or not Power-Operated, or for Machine Tools (US$272k).

International purchases of Calera in 2020 were US$58.1M, 0.036% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Other Articles of Iron or Steel (US$16.2M), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$9.11M), and Plates, Sheets, Strip and other Flat Shapes, of Plastics, whether in Rolls (US$4.31M).

In 2015, 44.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 4.86% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 15.8%, while the vulnerable population by income was 17.9%.

In 2020, 0.89% of the population in Calera had no access to sewage systems, 0.67% did not have a water supply network, 0.9% did not have a bathroom and 0.3% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Calera.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Calera. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Calera.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Calera to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Calera, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Zacatecas according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Zacatecas, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Zacatecas (692) and Guadalupe (488). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Zacatecas (26) and Fresnillo (15). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Fresnillo (3,900) and Zacatecas (2,601).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Guadalupe (48) and Zacatecas (42) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Fresnillo (29) and Zacatecas (23) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$26.6M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$28M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.6M), Plastics Articles for the Conveyance or Packing of Goods (US$1.12M), and Tools, Interchangeable; for Hand Tools, whether or not Power-Operated, or for Machine Tools (US$272k).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$28M), Serbia (US$54.4k), and Switzerland (US$8.67k).

International Purchases

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Other Articles of Iron or Steel: US$16.2M, Main Imported Product (2020)

Japan: US$17.6M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Other Articles of Iron or Steel (US$16.2M), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$9.11M), and Plates, Sheets, Strip and other Flat Shapes, of Plastics, whether in Rolls (US$4.31M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were Japan (US$17.6M), China (US$13.9M), and United States (US$12.7M).

Net International Trade

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June, 2021: US$17.6M, International purchases

 June, 2021: US$4.1M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In june 2021, international sales of Calera were US$4.1M and a total of US$17.6M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Calera it was of -US$13.5M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in june 2021 was Plastics Articles for the Conveyance or Packing of Goods (US$130k). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$130k).

The main international purchase in june 2021 was Caps and Lids (Including Crown Caps, Screw Caps and Pouring Stoppers), Capsules for Bottles, Bung Covers, Seals and other Packing Accessories, of Base Metal (US$459k). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.14M), China (US$691k), and Japan (US$82.9k).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$563M, FDI Jan-Jun 2021
  • US$12.5B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2021

In the period January to June 2021, FDI in Zacatecas reached the US$563M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$312M), inter-company debts (US$256M), and equity capital (US$34.4M).

From January 1999 and June 2021, Zacatecas accumulates a total of US$625B in FDI, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$6.07B), equity capital (US$5.6B), and inter-company debts (US$778M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Zacatecas's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Jun 2021: United States, US$246M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2021: Canada, US$6.66B

From January to June de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Zacatecas were United States (US$246M), Canada (US$68.1M), and Spain (US$7.35M).

Between January 1999 and June 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are Canada (US$6.66B), Belgium (US$1.9B), and United States (US$1.24B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Zacatecas's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 58.1%, 2021-Q2

Unemployment Rate: 3.62%, 2021-Q2

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the second quarter of 2021, the labor participation rate in Zacatecas was 58.1%, which implied an increase of 0.76 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (57.3%).

The unemployment rate was 3.62 % (24.3k people), which implied a decrease of 0.28 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.9%).

Salaries and Workforce

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38.4% Formal - 61.6% Informal: 647k, Workforce 2021-Q2

$6.55k MX Formal - $3.37k MX Informal: $4.59k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q2

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Zacatecas in the second quarter of 2021 was 647k people, being  1.24% lower than the previous quarter (655k employed).

The average monthly salary in the second quarter of 2021 it was of $4.59k MX being $95.8 MX lower than the previous quarter ($4.69k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.2 %, Employed women 2021-Q2
  • 61.8 %, Employed men 2021-Q2

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In second quarter of 2021, Zacatecas had 647,320 employed, 0.13% more than the same period of the previous year (646,456).

The occupations with the most workers during the second quarter of 2021 were Support Workers in Agriculture (70.3k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (46.6k), and Traders in Stores (32.6k)

Participation Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Zacatecas. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 61%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Unemployment Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Zacatecas. Along these lines, in June 2020 the unemployment rate was 5.93%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Labor Informality Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Zacatecas. Along these lines, in June 2020 the rate of labor informality reached 35.6%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

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Calera 2020: 23,180, Female Population

 Calera 2020: 22,579, Male Population

The total population of Calera in 2020 was 45,759 inhabitants, with 50.7% woman, and 49.3% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 5 to 9 years (4,868 inhabitants), 0 to 4 years (4,808 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (4,568 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 31.1% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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210 inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Calera.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 210 inhabitants, which corresponds to 0.46% of the total population of Calera.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Huichol (148 inhabitants), Tepehuano del sur (26 inhabitants), and Mixteco (24 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Calera in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Calera in the last 5 years came from United States (151 people), Honduras (7 people), and Peru (6 people).

The main causes of migration to Calera in recent years were family (50 people), labor (49 people), and legal (28 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $44.4k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $144k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Zacatecas comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Zacatecas, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $9.61k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $153k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 25.9%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 74.1%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 12k dwellings were registered. Of these, 25.9% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 74.1% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.3% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 35 a 39 años.

2015: 0.37, GINI in Calera

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2015, in Zacatecas, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Genaro Codina (0.335), Pánuco (0.338), Melchor Ocampo (0.339), General Pánfilo Natera (0.355), and Morelos (0.357). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Jiménez del Teul (0.443), Valparaíso (0.424), Jerez (0.410), General Francisco R. Murguía (0.409), and Villa González Ortega (0.408).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 4.86%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 44.5%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 44.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 4.86% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 15.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 17.9%.

The main social deficiencies of Calera in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 0.67%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.3%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.9%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 0.89%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 0.89% of the population in Calera did not have access to sewage systems (409 people), 0.67% did not have a water supply network (306 people) , 0.9% did not have a bathroom (412 people) and 0.3% did not have electricity (137 people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 29%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 43.9%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 29% and 27.8%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 43.9% and 25.7%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 19, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 14.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Calera, the average travel time from home to work was 19 minutes, 86.5% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.04% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 14.7 minutes, 98.5% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 1.03% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Calera according to travel times.

In 2020, 36.2% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 75.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 32.6 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 41.8 %, Population served by Social Security

In Calera, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (19k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (14.8k), and Pharmacy Office (5.6k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (21.2k) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (15.5k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Calera were physical disability (913 people), visual disability (872 people), and motor disability (502 people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Calera. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 872 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 57.6% women and 42.4% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 4.7% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 85 or more years concentrated the 3.67% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 18.5 %, Men
  • 11.3 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020, 18.5% of men over 18 years old in Zacatecas perceived security in their state, while 11.3% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower middle socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (20.1%), while women perceived greater security in the upper middle socioeconomic stratum (13.5%).

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Zacatecas's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020, 11.2% of the population of Zacatecas claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 14.8% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 41.7% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 55.9% in the Judges and a 18.2% in the Federal Police, while a 3.17%, a 1.68% and a 8.68% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Zacatecas claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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August 2021

  • 79, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during August 2021 were Stole (18), Domestic Violence (11), and Homicide (11), which covered a 50.6% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in August 2020 and August 2021, those with the highest growth were Extortion (200%), Homicide (175%), and Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (100%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Calera were Retail Trade (1,003 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (339 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (287 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.