Álvaro Obregón

Municipality of Ciudad de México

2020: 759,137, Population

 2020: US$19B, International sales

  2020: US$17.2B, International purchases

  2020  : $67.4k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2021: US$5.06B, FDI in the State of Ciudad de México

About Álvaro Obregón

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In 2020, the population in Álvaro Obregón was 759,137 inhabitants (47.6% men and 52.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Álvaro Obregón increased by 4.42%.

International sales of Álvaro Obregón in 2020 were US$19B, 29.1% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$10.7B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.69B), and Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$1.3B).

International purchases of Álvaro Obregón in 2020 were US$17.2B, 25.7% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.89B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$1.4B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.4B).

In 2020, 0.1% of the population in Álvaro Obregón had no access to sewage systems, 0.19% did not have a water supply network, 0.29% did not have a bathroom and 0.034% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Álvaro Obregón.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Álvaro Obregón. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Álvaro Obregón.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Álvaro Obregón to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Loans Granted in Support of the Economic Crisis COVID-19

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Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Álvaro Obregón, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Ciudad de México according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Ciudad de México, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Cuauhtémoc (3,485) and Benito Juárez (2,569). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Benito Juárez (228) and Álvaro Obregón (216). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Iztapalapa (55,782) and Gustavo A. Madero (20,862).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Venustiano Carranza (252) and Tlalpan (29) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Iztapalapa (196) and Gustavo A. Madero (119) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

Net International Trade

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December, 2021

  • US$1.61B, International purchases
  • US$1.47B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2021, international sales of Álvaro Obregón were US$1.47B and a total of US$1.61B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Álvaro Obregón it was of -US$138M.

International Sales

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Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons: US$10.7B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$11.6B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$10.7B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.69B), and Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$1.3B).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$11.6B), Germany (US$1.76B), and Canada (US$494M).

International Purchases

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Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere: US$1.89B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$7.19B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.89B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$1.4B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.4B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$7.19B), China (US$2.84B), and Japan (US$783M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2021 was Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$723M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$912M), Germany (US$107M), and Canada (US$28.8M).

The main international purchase in december 2021 was Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$222M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$643M), China (US$277M), and Japan (US$53M).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$5.06B, FDI Jan-Dec 2021
  • US$135B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2021

In the period January to December 2021, FDI in Ciudad de México reached the US$5.06B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$2.66B), equity capital (US$1.85B), and inter-company debts (US$552M).

From January 1999 and December 2021, Ciudad de México accumulates a total of US$639B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$67.1B), reinvestment of earnings (US$50.5B), and inter-company debts (US$17.9B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Ciudad de México's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2021: United States, US$1.47B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2021: United States, US$65.1B

From January to December de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Ciudad de México were United States (US$1.47B), Spain (US$1.09B), and United Kingdom (US$783M).

Between January 1999 and December 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$65.1B), Spain (US$23.5B), and Canada (US$6.02B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Ciudad de México's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the fourth quarter of 2021, registered a remittance amount of US$137M.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Álvaro Obregón were Retail Trade (9,958 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (3,589 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (3,056 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Population and Housing

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Álvaro Obregón 2020: 398,130, Female Population

 Álvaro Obregón 2020: 361,007, Male Population

The total population of Álvaro Obregón in 2020 was 759,137 inhabitants, with 52.4% woman, and 47.6% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 25 to 29 years (60,708 inhabitants), 20 to 24 years (59,941 inhabitants), and 30 to 34 years (59,486 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 23.7% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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10.8k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Álvaro Obregón.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 10.8k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.43% of the total population of Álvaro Obregón.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (2,857 inhabitants), Mazateco (1,413 inhabitants), and Otomí (1,103 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Álvaro Obregón in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Álvaro Obregón in the last 5 years came from Venezuela (1.23k people), United States (1.01k people), and Dominican Republic (250 people).

The main causes of migration to Álvaro Obregón in recent years were family (1.12k people), economical (774 people), and living place (693 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 60.9%, 2021-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 5.89%, 2021-Q4

* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the fourth quarter of 2021, the labor participation rate in Ciudad de México was 60.9%, which implied an increase of 0.29 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.6%).

The unemployment rate was 5.89 % (280k people), which implied a decrease of 1.1 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (6.99%).

Salaries and Workforce

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52% Formal - 48% Informal: 4.47M, Workforce 2021-Q4

$5.36k MX Formal - $3.41k MX Informal: $4.43k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q4

* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Ciudad de México in the fourth quarter of 2021 was 4.47M people, being  1.62% higher than the previous quarter (4.39M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2021 it was of $4.43k MX being $238 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.19k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 44.4 %, Employed women 2021-Q4
  • 55.6 %, Employed men 2021-Q4

* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In fourth quarter of 2021, Ciudad de México had 4,465,106 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2021 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (255k), Traders in Stores (247k), and Bus Drivers, Trucks, Taxis and Passenger Cars (158k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 24.9%, Housing with 4 rooms (2020)
  • 40.5%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 4 and 6+ rooms, 24.9% and 21%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 40.5% and 26.7%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 48.4, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 32.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Álvaro Obregón, the average travel time from home to work was 48.4 minutes, 67.7% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 20.7% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 32.7 minutes, 86.6% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 11.3% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Álvaro Obregón according to travel times.

In 2020, 46.8% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 52.3% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Álvaro Obregón according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Álvaro Obregón were Bachelor's Degree (156k people or 25.8% of the total), Middle School (147k people or 24.4% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (132k people or 21.8% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Álvaro Obregón 2020: 1.57%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Álvaro Obregón in 2020 was 1.57%. Of the total illiterate population, 30.9% corresponded to men and 69.1% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 16.2 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 37.6 %, Population served by Social Security

In Álvaro Obregón, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (281k), Pharmacy Office (150k), and Another place (126k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (348k) and Not Specified (169k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Álvaro Obregón were physical disability (19.2k people), visual disability (15.9k people), and hearing disability (9.16k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Álvaro Obregón. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 15,942 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 57.4% women and 42.6% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 6.76% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 3.78% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $67.4k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $186k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Ciudad de México comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Ciudad de México, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $15.1k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $202k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 38.8%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 61.2%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 219k dwellings were registered. Of these, 38.8% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 61.2% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.7% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 50 a 54 años.

2020: 0.41, GINI in Álvaro Obregón

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Ciudad de México, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Milpa Alta (0.364), Azcapotzalco (0.368), Benito Juárez (0.369), Tláhuac (0.375), and Gustavo A. Madero (0.378). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Álvaro Obregón (0.415), La Magdalena Contreras (0.406), Tlalpan (0.406), Cuajimalpa de Morelos (0.404), and Xochimilco (0.403).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 5.64%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 32.1%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 32.1% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 5.64% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 22.9%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 10.7%.

The main social deficiencies of Álvaro Obregón in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 0.19%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.034%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.29%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 0.1%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 0.1% of the population in Álvaro Obregón did not have access to sewage systems (762 people), 0.19% did not have a water supply network (1.44k people) , 0.29% did not have a bathroom (2.19k people) and 0.034% did not have electricity (256 people).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 15.6 %, Men
  • 12.4 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 15.6% of men over 18 years old in Ciudad de México perceived security in their state, while 12.4% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (50.1%), while women perceived greater security in the upper middle socioeconomic stratum (13.5%).

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Ciudad de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 4.46% of the population of Ciudad de México claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 23% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 4.3% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 9.26% in the Judges and a 5.78% in the Federal Police, while a 30.1%, a 25.5% and a 27.9% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Ciudad de México claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; more trust in the Federal Police, more trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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January 2022: 1,094, Total complaints

 January 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during January 2022 were Stole (355), Domestic Violence (165), and Threats (86), which covered a 55.4% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in January 2021 and January 2022, those with the highest growth were Equated Violation (700%), Breaking and Entering (400%), and Other Crimes against Sexual Freedom and Security (200%).